Forex(FX)  exists so that large quantities of one money can be exchanged for the equivalent value in another currency at the current market exchange rate.

Some of these transactions occur because financial institutions, companies, or individuals need to exchange one currency for another for business reasons. For example, a US company may exchange US dollars for Japanese yen to pay for goods ordered in Japan and payable in yen.

Much of forex trading exists to satisfy speculation about the direction of currency values. Traders profit from the price program of a specific currency pair.

Forex(FX) Pairs And Courses

Traded currencies  list in pairs, such as B. USD/CAD, EUR/USD or USD/JPY. These represent the US Dollar (USD) against the Canadian Dollar (CAD), the Euro (EUR) against the USD and the USD against the Japanese Yen (JPY).

In addition, each pair assign a prize, e.g. 1.2569. If this price was connected to the USD/CAD pair, buying one USD costs CAD 1.2569. If the rate rises to 1.3336, it costs CAD 1.3336 to buy one USD. The USD has appreciated (CAD has fallen) because it now costs more CAD to buy a USD.

Currency Packs

Money trade in lots called microcomputer, mini and standard lots in the forex market. A micro lot is 1,000 units of given money, a miniature lot is 10,000, and a standard lot is 100,000.

It’s about exchanging money on a larger scale than going to a bank to charge $500 for a trip. When trading on the electronic forex market, transactions are made in currency blocks. They can trade in any desired volume within limits allowed by the balance of the individual trading account. For example, you can skill seven micro-lots (7,000) or three miniature lots (30,000) or 75 standard lots (7,500,000).

How Big Is The Currency? Forex (FX)

The forex market is sole for many reasons, the main one being its size. The transaction volume is generally very large. For example, transactions in foreign exchange markets averaged $6.6 trillion per day in 2019, according to the Bank for International Settlements (BIS).

The largest foreign exchange markets are located in the world’s major financial centres, including London, New York, Singapore, Tokyo, Frankfurt, Hong Kong and Sydney.

Forward Foreign Exchange (FX) Contracts.

A foreign exchange or currency forward contract is an agreement between two parties to deliver a fixed amount of foreign currency by a specific date, known as the due date, in the future. Futures contracts are traded in exchange for fixed currency values ​​and with set expiration dates.

Unlike a futures agreement, the terms of a futures contract are non-negotiable. A profit is made on the difference between the prices at which the contract was bought and sold.

Most speculators do not hold futures contracts until they expire, as this would require them to deliver/settle the currency represented by the contract. Instead, speculators buy and sell contracts before they expire, making a profit or loss on their trades.

How Forex(FX)  Differs From Other Markets

There are major differences between how Forex works and how other markets work, such as B. the US stock market.

Fewer Rules

This means that investors are not subject to the same strict standards or regulations as those in the stock, futures or options markets. No clearinghouses or central bodies are monitoring the entire forex market. You can always go short because you never go short in Forex; buy another if you sell one coin.

Fees And Commissions

Because the market is unregulated, fees and commissions vary widely from broker to broker. Most forex brokers make money by increasing the margin on currency pairs. Others make money by charging a commission based on the number of currencies traded. Some brokers use both.

Full Access

There is no limit to when you can and cannot trade. Since the market is open 24 60 minutes a day, you can trade on any day. Exceptions are on weekends or when no Global Financial Center is open due to holidays.


The forex market allows for leverage of up to 50:1 in the US and even more in some parts of the world. This means a trader can open an account for $1,000 and buy or sell up to $50,000 in Forex. Leverage is a double-edged sword; it amplifies both gains and losses.

Forex (FX) Trading Example

Suppose a trader believes that the EUR will rise against the USD. Another way of thinking is that the USD will fall against the EUR.

The trader buys EUR/USD at 1.2500 and buys $5,000 worth of currency. Later in the day, the price surged to 1.2550. The trader raised $25 (5000 * 0.0050). If the price falls to 1.2430, the trader will lose $35 (5000 * 0.0070).

About The Camp

Currency prices are constantly changing. Hence the trader may choose to hold the position overnight. The broker rolls over the position, resulting in a credit or debit based on the interest rate differential between the Eurozone and the United States. In this example, if the Eurozone has an interest rate of 4% and the United States has an interest rate of 3%, the trader has the currency with the higher interest rate. Therefore, the dealer must get a small credit when rolling. If the interest rate in EUR was lower than the interest rate in USD, the trader would be charged on rollover.

Rollover can affect a trading decision, especially when the deal can last for the long term. Large differences in interest rates can consequence in large loans or debits each day, which can greatly increase or decrease profits (or increase or decrease losses) from trading.

Most brokers offer leverage. Many US brokers work at up to 50:1. Let’s say our trader uses 10:1 leverage on this trade. When using 10:1 leverage, the trader does not need to have $5,000 in an account even if they are trading $5,000 in Forex. Only $500 is required.

In this example, an income of $25 can be achieved fairly quickly since the trader only needs $500 or $250 of trading capital (or even less if he uses more leverage). This demonstrates the power of leverage. The other cross of the coin is that the trader could lose capital just as quickly.